But accelerationist myth-making also offers a fantasy of strength: it promises its followers that they have the power to bring about this collapse and dominate the new order that follows.

The risks of this ideology are far from theoretical.

In Germany last year, members of the terrorist group Revolution Chemnitz were found guilty of planning an attack on October 3, 2018, which was described as “a turning point in history” and “historic day” on which “regime change” was enforced should be.

The 1995 bombing of a federal building in Oklahoma City, killing 168 people, including 19 children, was carried out by far-right militants inspired by The Turner Diaries, a 1978 novel that marked a violent revolution in the United States United States represents states followed by mass murder of non-white people. And in 2015, an armed white racist cited a desire to start a “race war” as the reason for nine blacks kill nine at the Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Charleston, SC

And many participants in the January 6 attack on the Capitol saw this as a first step in overthrowing the government they viewed as corrupt or the social order of the United States in general, said Dr. Miller-Idriss.

But there are other dangers, less direct, but ultimately more serious, experts say.

It is likely that only a small margin of the January 6 rioters are sticking to the acceleration ideas of QAnon or armed militias, said Dr. Miller-Idriss. QAnon has become a roof for multiple conspiracy theories and not all of its supporters are waiting for “the storm” or trying to bring it about, she said.

But she believes this should be more, not less, cause for concern, as the events of January 6 show that the extremist fringe can form a broader coalition than has been possible in the past.

“It was the first time we had seen a successful coalition in this country, even a spontaneous one, across a variety of right-wing extremist groups,” she said. “It was a semi-spontaneous coalition that showed that these groups can unite on a thematic topic or event despite these differences.”